Cunningham’s species

The list below was compiled from the Seed List and Journal of Allan Cunningham, the botanist who travelled with Phillip Parker King on the “Mermaid”, and anchored near Cape Cleveland in June 1819.

Each item is listed as the Seed list name (bold) followed by Cunningham’s Notes (if any), the current botanical name and comments.

Jasminium divaricatum, –, Jasminium didymum

Pityrodia salvifolia, Petandra, Pityrodia salvifolia, The note Petandra or Pentandra seems irrelevant – it is the name of the exotic Kapok

Genipa sp., Rubiaceae, Atractocarpus fitzalani

Rutaceae, Pentandria, –, Pentandria is a class of plants having 5 stamens

Strychnos lucida, –, Strychnos psilosperma

Alyxia obtusifolia, –, Alyxia spicata

Alyxia ruscifolia, — , Alyxia ruscifolia

Eustrephus angustifolius, E. latifolius Octandria, Eustrephus latifolius, Octandria – a class of plants having 8 stamens

Dodonaea, –, Dodonaea

Euphorbiaceae, perhaps Croton, perhaps Croton magneticus

Banistera australis, Ryssopteris timorensis, Ryssopterys timoriensis

Corchorus hygrophilus, –, Corchorus hygrophilus, Type: [Queensland, North Kennedy District:] Cleveland Bay, June 1819, A. Cunningham 200 (holo: K!).

Cleome viscosa, –, Cleome viscosa

Hibiscus heterophyllus, Diadelphia, Hibiscus heterophyllus, Diadelphia – A class of plants whose stamens are united into two bundles by their filaments

Crotalaria macrophylla, Flemingia congesta, Flemingia macrophylla

Diadelphia habit of Galega, –, –, Would be Indigofera or Tephrosia sp.

Stylosanthes sp., Polydelphia, Syngenesia, Stylosanthes, Polydelphia – stamens when grouped in 3 or more bundles. Syngenesia – class of plants where stamens are united by the anthers.

Bidens sp., Foliis pinnatus linearibus subulatus, Bidens bipinnata, The winged leaves very narrow and tapered

Aster sp. Suffruticose, –, –, suffruticose = having a stem that is woody only at the base; somewhat shrubby

Cucurbitaceae, –, Diplocyclos palmatus

Acacia humifusa, –, Acacia humifusa, Type: “N. Coast, Bauer; Cleveland Bay, Cunningham”

Acacia simsii, –, Acacia simsii, Type: "N.E.
Coast, Cleveland’s Bay, Cunningham; also in Bauer’s collection, and cultivated in Trinidad and in Mauritius Botanic Garden from Australian seed."

Acacia umbellata, –, Acacia umbellata, Type: " N.
Coast, Bauer, Cleveland Bay and Cape Flinders, Cunningham."

Rubiaceae, Tetrandia, Monog., –, Tetrandia is a class of plants having 4 stamens. Monogynia is an order containing several genera inc. Protea

Hedysarum sp, Alysicarpus sp., Alysicarpus bupleurifolius?, Now divided into many genera inc. Desmodium but most likely Alysicarpus bupleurifolius

Chionanthus axillaris, Oleaceae/small tree, Chionanthus axillaris

Pimela sp aff latifolia, a shrub found on the barren rocky hills and shores of Cleveland Bay, Pimelea latifolia subsp.
latifolia

Solanum sp, a tall shrub 10ft high. Hills about Cape Cleveland, Lycianthes shanesii

Apoctnea thyclinera, a small tree in shaded brushes. This could be Ervatamia, Tabernaemontana orientalis

Bursaria macrophylla, a slender tree 20ft high, Bursaria incana

Loranthus sp., Octandria[, — , A mistletoe in family Loranthaceae

Dodonaea floribunda[, — , Dodonaea lanceolata

Combretaceae, Decandria, Terminalia sp.

Jussiaea, Didynamia, Ludwegia octovalvis

Pityrodia salvifolia, A strong scented shrub of spreading growth, Pityrodia salvifolia

Erythrina australis, — , Erythrina vespertilio

Crotalaria sp., retusa?, —

Crotalaria laburnifolia, — , Crotalaria laburnifolia,

Canavalia obtusifolia, — , Canavalia rosea

Dolichos gladiatus, Canavalia ensiformis, Canavalia
papuana

Glycine sp., — , Glycine

Galea sp., Asteraceae, —

Helichrysum rupicola, — , Coronidium rupicola

Vittadinia scabra, — , Peripleura scabra

Monenteles globiferous, — , Pterocaulon sphacelatum

Acacia crosfricata, —

Ficus frazeri, — , Ficus opposita?, Could be F. virens Aiton or F. fraseri Miq (with an S) which is a sandpaper type

Ficus sp, overhanging large rocks, Ficus obliqua?

Lygodium semibipinnatum, — , Lygodium flexuosum, Fern

Ectrosia, leporina?, Ectrosia leporina, Type: “QUEENSLAND. North Kennedy District: Cleveland Bay, barren soils, June 1819, Cunningham 350”

Andropogon internmedius, — , Bothriochloa bladhii, grass

Grevillea sp., allied to polystchya or striata, Grevillea parallela/striata

Carissa ovata, — , Carissa ovata

Clerodendrum floribundum, — , Clerodendrum floribundum

From Cunningham’s Journal

Sesbania sp., very nearly related to S. aegyptiaca

Grewia, nearly related to Mallococca, Grewia retusifolia

Myoporum tenuifolium, — , Myoporum montanum

Psychotria sp, — , Psychotria poliostemma

Centranthera hispida, — , Centranthera cochinchinensis

Psychotria sp., nearly related to that above but appears distinct. Also found on Fitzroy Island, Psychotria fitzalanii

Pandanus pedunculatus, — , Pandanus tectorius

Melaleuca sp., — , Melaleuca viridiflora

Species of Gardenia, ochreata?, Larsenaikia ochreata

Eranthium variable, — , Pseuderanthum variabile, Brown’s spelling was originally Eranthemum variabile – now Pseuderanthemum
variabile

Pavetta sp., australiensis, Pavetta australiensis

Santalum sp. oblongatum, of Mr Brown, Santalum lanceolatum

Bignonia pandorea, — , Pandorea pandorana

Sphaeranthus, — , Sphaeranthus africanus

Ehretia saligna, — , Ehretia membranifolia

Rhizophora mangle, stylosa?, Rhizophora stylosa

Bruguiera gymnorhiza, — , Bruguiera gymnorhiza

Sersalisia sericea, — , Sersalisia sericea,  

Species of Eucalyptus, like Blue Gum of Port Jackson, Eucalyptus tereticornis

A plant nearly related to Ateleia, —

Angophora of Repulse Bay, ?Tristiania, —

Euphorbia sp., —

Dwarf Casuarina, C. equisetifolia, Casuarina equisetifolia

Eucalytus sp., (Iron Bark), Eucalyptus drepanophylla

Norfolk Pine, — , Araucaria cunninghamii, Cunningham refers to Auracaria cunninghamii, the Hoop Pine, as Norfolk Pine throughout his Journals

Araliaceae, Schefflera actinophylla, Schefflera actinophylla

Phyllanthus sp., ailloriascula, Phyllanthus fuernrohrii

[–], A reclining aculeated shrub suspected to be of the Pittosporaceae, Citriobatus spinescens?